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Thursday, July 28, 2011

The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012

The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012
The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012
The pyramid of giza facts
The Egyptian pyramids are massive monuments with a square base and four triangular sides rising up to a point. There is still a lot of curiosity (and many theories) as to how the pyramids were actually constructed.

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There are three main Pyramids here, which were built in the 4th Dynasty (circa 2550 B.C). The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Kings (and Queens), and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. However, this tradition only applied in the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; the most famous ones are those at Giza.
The pyramid of giza facts

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is also called Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu and Pyramid of Cheops.

  • The Great Pyramid is situated in Giza Necropolis, which stands bordering Cairo city of Egypt.

  • The features of the Great Pyramid of Giza are so large they are visible even from the Moon.

  • The Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest one of the three pyramids in Giza Necropolis.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

  • The Great Pyramid remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for a period of over 3,800 years.

  • It is believed that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.

  • There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid - King's chamber, Queen's chamber and unfinished chamber.

  • It is said that, at the time of its construction, the Great Pyramid of Giza had a height of 280 Egyptian royal cubits i.e. 146.6 meters.
  • Owing to erosion and loss of its pyramidion, the height of the Great Pyramid has come down to 138.8 m.

  • The total mass of the Great Pyramid of Giza is estimated to be 5.9 million tons, while its volume is said to be roughly 2,500,000 cubic meters.

  • Hemon, or Hemiunu - the vizier of Khufu is believed, by some people, to be the architect of the Great Pyramid.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the one and only honorary member of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
  • The Great Pyramid is one of the most comprehensively studied buildings in the world.

  • Though the chemical composition of the mortar used to build the Great Pyramid of Giza is known, it could not be re-produced using the present techniques.

  • The temperature inside The Great Pyramid remains constant at 68 degrees F, the same as earth’s internal temperature.

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    In old Books, It is generally believed that the Egyptians began constructing them after 2700 B.C. and that they were built as tombs for the pharaohs. The most well-known (and the largest) pyramids of Egypt are the Pyramids at Giza which are said to be the largest ever built. It’s said that the Great Pyramid at Giza took 23 years to complete, using a work force of around 30,000 people. About 118 pyramids have been identified, and they are popular and intriguing to tourists and home researchers alike.

    The Great Pyramid of Khufu:
    Great Pyramid of KhufuThe Great Pyramid of Khufu is by far the most famous Pyramid in Egypt, the biggest, tallest, and most intact. After its construction it became one of the “Seven Wonders Of The World”, and today, it is the only one of them remaining. For a period of 4300 years, the Pyramid was also the tallest building on earth, until the French built the Eiffel Tower in 1889 to take that accolade.
    Khufu’s Pyramid is built entirely of limestone, and is considered an architectural masterpiece. It contains around 1,300,000 blocks ranging in weight from 2.5 tons to 15 tons and is built on a square base with sides measuring about 230m (755ft), covering 13 acres! Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees. The original height of the Pyramid was 146.5m (488ft), but today it is only 137m (455ft) high, the 9m (33ft) that is missing is due to the theft of the fine quality limestone covering, or casing stones, by the Ottoman Turks in the 15 Century A.D, to build houses and Mosques in Cairo.
    You will find that the entrance of the Pyramid is located at the northern side, the same as almost every Pyramid in Egypt. On this side there are actually 2 entrances, one is the original, and is 17m (55ft) above ground level, and the other one is a man-made forced entrance located below it. Created in the 9th Century A.D by Khalif El-Mamoun, who was seeking the treasures that he thought might have been kept inside the Pyramid. He sent out stonemasons to open up an entrance, and they cut it midway across the centre of the northern side. Their tunnel goes almost 35m into the Pyramid, and was crudely cut, and at the end it connects with the original inner corridors of the Pyramid. Nothing was found inside, as it was plundered in antiquity. Nowadays visitors, to the site, use Mamoun’s entrance to gain access into the Pyramid, as it is actually considered to be a shortcut.
    Khafre's son, Menkaure, built the smallest of the 3 main Pyramids on the Giza Plateau. This one was only a mere 65.5m (215ft) tall, nowadays 62m (203ft), with sides of only 105m (344ft) and an angle of 51.3 degrees. It is thought that this Pyramid was altered during its construction, and made a lot bigger than originally planned. The original, smaller Pyramid had a simple descending corridor and burial chamber, but when it was enlarged, a new corridor was built with 3 portcullises and a small panelled chamber. Later still, another burial chamber, along with a storeroom were added at a lower level. This Pyramid, like its 2 neighbours, has a north facing entrance.The Pyramid of Menkaure
    Apart from the size, Menkaure's Pyramid differed from the other 2 in the choice of casing stones. Whereas the Pyramids of his father and grandfather were completely cased in fine, white, Turah limestone, Menkaure's Pyramid was only partly cased in Turah limestone, from about 15m up! The first 15 metres was cased with pink granite, which had come from Aswan, the last of which was taken by Muhammad Ali Pasha (1805-1848) who used them to construct his arsenal in Alexandria.

    The Great Sphinx:

    The Great Sphinx, or as the ancients knew it, “Shesib Ankh” or “the living image”, has to be one of the most recognizable constructions in history. Think of the Sphinx and you The Great Sphinx automatically think of Egypt and the Giza Plateau.
    Sculpted from soft sandstone, many believe that it would have disappeared long ago had it not been buried in the sand for so many long periods in its lifetime. The body is 60m (200ft) long and 20m (65ft) tall. Its face is 4m (13ft) wide with eyes measuring 2m (6 ft) high. It faces the rising sun, and was revered so much by the ancients, that they built a temple in front of it.
    The 18th Dynasty King, Thutmose IV installed a stele between its front paws, describing how, when Thutmose was a young Prince, he had gone hunting and fell asleep in the shade of the Sphinx ‘s head. Thutmose had a dream where Ra Hor-Akhty the sun God, talking through the Sphinx, spoke to him, telling the young Prince to clear away the sand because the Sphinx was choking on it. The Sphinx said to him that if he did this, he would become King of Egypt.

    Wednesday, July 27, 2011

    Map of great barrier reef and where is it located Latest photos 2012

    Map of great barrier reef and  where is it located Latest photos 2012 and images of 2013
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    Well it is located off north-eastern Australia and runs more or less parallel to the coastline of the state of Queensland.
    The Great Barrier Reef is in the Coral Sea, on Australia’s north-eastern coast. It stretches more than 2,300km along the state of Queensland’s coastline, beginning at the tip of Cape York Peninsula in the north and extending down to Bundaberg in the south.
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    First What is barrier reef ? One of the natural wonders of the world, the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia is the world’s largest coral reef. It has the distinction of being placed in the World Heritage as well as the National Heritage lists. With more than 600 islands and coral cays, the reef covers more than 300,000 sq. km. Corals make up the reefs and cays and are responsible for a huge variety of sea life in the reef — green turtles, several varieties of whales and dolphins, the dugong, about 4000 types of mollusks, 1500 different species of fish, as well as beautifully colored bird life encompassing at least 200 species. The Great Reef Marine Park is a huge tourist attraction with millions of tourists visiting the area each year. Sporting activities include reef sailing, scuba diving, and snorkeling, amongst others.
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    Friday, July 15, 2011

    lake saiful maluk Raod Trip Travel and Latest Photos 2012

    Lake Saiful Maluk Road Trip and Tour, Plan Free Visit and Latest Photos 2012 at web is one of the beautiful and historical places in Pakistan. Enjoy happy summer in pakistan
    Lake Saiful Muluk is  located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley near Naran, Pakistan. A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake. It is the story of prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake. The impact of the lake beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down to lake in full moon.
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    It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level it is amongst one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. The lake is accessible by a 14.5 km road from Naran (which is accessible by a road from ).
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    Leaving for Lake Saiful Muluk we need a jeep.
    It will cost around 2000 to 2400Rs to hire a whole jeep.
    The road has glaciers and very bumpy.
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    To walk around the lake is a very interesting experience.
    If you just stay in front of the lake you will miss a lot.
    You have to walk through glaciers and freezing water.
    You can also have a pony ride.
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    Sitka Alaska Free Download Latest Photo of Beach 2012 A free Visit by Ship

    Sitka Alaska Free Download Latest Photo of Beach 2012 A free Visit by Ship
    Sitka is thought to be the most beautiful of southeast Alaska cities. Travel by Hyper Ship
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    Sitka, Alaska A free Visit by Ship
    Nestled on the west side of Baranof Island, it is flanked on the east by majestic snow-capped mountains, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Our climate is mild, but we do get more than our fair share of "liquid sunshine"!
     Our most valuable natural resource is, without a doubt, the people of Sitka, who share a pride in their home and a love of life in all its small-town splendor!!!
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    Location and History

    Sitka Alaska is located on Baranof Island along the outer coast of the Inside Passage and only accessible by plane, ships, or boats. Vacationers who travel to Sitka find an abundance of outdoor activities that include fishing charters, hiking tours, visiting wildlife centers, camping, and kayaking. Many of the local area points of interest are located in the downtown district and within walking distance of each other, making this an easy town to explore.
    Large cruise ships arriving in Sitka Alaska are not able to dock in the harbor; they must dock farther out and have passengers transported to the city on small boats. This can be a minor inconvenience for passengers who travel to Sitka, but it is more than offset by the many activities available in the city. Points of interest for vacationers to Sitka Alaska include the Russian Cemetery, Sheldon Jackson Museum, Mt Edgecumbe, the Raptor Center, and St Michael's Cathedral.
    Mt Edgecumbe is an inactive volcano located on nearby Kruzof Island and can be accessed only by helicopter or boat. The 3,200-foot snow-capped cone is a 6.7-mile trek from the baseline to the top where the scenic views are unsurpassed.
    Visitors who are interested in more hiking trips, and in local history, can visit the Russian Cemetery in Sitka Alaska, which is 200 years old and located on a hillside accessible by hiking along narrow trails through a densely forested area. More than 1,600 headstones mark the cemetery.

    Things to Do in Sitka during 2012  and 2013

    • Hiking: Trails of varying difficulty are a stones through away, several accessible from town. Check with the Forest Service Office for more information and maps.
    • Wildlife Watching: There are several options for wildlife watching, many from the water. Check with the Sitka Visitor Center for a list of tour operators.
    • Kayaking: Sitka is perfect for kayaking, due to its open, calm waters and hundreds of islands to explore. Operators offer half, full or multiple day tours, as well as rentals for individual exploration.
    • Charters: Several operators offer fishing and sightseeing charters.

    Things to See

    • Sitka National Historic Park and Totem Park: The park was created to commemorate the Tlingit and Russian experiences in Alaska. It features a temperate rain forest with traditional Tlingit totem poles that line the park’s coastal trail. It also features the Russian Bishop’s House, one of the last remaining buildings, recently restored, from the Russian colonial period in North America. A few of the small ship cruise lines offer this as an included tour/activity.
    • Alaska Raptor Center: This center is responsible for the rehabilitation of sick and injured eagles, hawks, falcons, owls, and other birds of prey which are brought in from all over Alaska. The center hosts two dozen resident raptors that could not be returned to the wild.
    • Sheldon Jackson Museum: Sheldon Jackson was a Presbyterian missionary who drove a movement to ensure the spiritual, educational, and economic well being of the people of Alaska. This meant Americanizing the culture, while discouraging indigenous languages and traditional culture. Understanding that these actions would wipe out their history, he began to collect artifacts from those cultures.
    • St. Michael’s Cathedral: A prominent icon of Sitka and a National Historic Landmark since 1962, its significance is as primary evidence of Russian influence in North America.
    • Sitka Tribe Dance Performances: The Naa Kahídi Dancers perform traditional songs and dances with visitors.
    • Sitka Historical Museum: Formerly named the Isabel Miller Museum, this little museum is a treasure–the only museum in Sitka featuring all of Sitka’s history.

    la digue, seychelles download Latest Best Beach Photos 2012

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    The wonder of La Digue, seychelles is one of the finest holiday destinations on the globe, hence a top class tourist attraction.
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    La Digue is one of the most popular islands in the Seychelles, and Anse Source d'Argent is the reason why. This amazingly beautiful beach features giant boulders on its shores.
    The scene is perfect: dark granite boulders on a white sand beach is the most dramatic vision you could imagine for a beach setting. Do not under any circumsances forget your camera! The pathway to the beach runs through an old coconut plantation, which is fascinating itself. Needless to say, this is a very popular spot in the Seychelles Islands, so go when there are less likely to be crowds, like when the sun is no longer strong on the beach.
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    Location of La Digue:
    La Digue is location in Seychelles, This Island is located in indian Ocean from 1500KM of East of Africa and Madagascar. The Are is 10Kms.
    The Seychells has 155 Island.
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    La Digue is located only a couple of miles away from Praslin, which is one of the two main tourist islands of the Seychelles. There are water taxis all the time from Praslin to La Digue. La Digue has managed to remain undeveloped, in spite of the large numbers of tourists coming from the larger Seychellois islands of Praslin and Mahe. There are only two thousand inhabitants on La Digue, and for the most part are very interested in retaining their traditional island way of life.
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    La Digue is small enough to be explored in a day, catch the ferry that leaves from Praslin Island throughout the day and hop on an "ox-taxi” for a tour of the island. Alternatively, hiring a bicycle is the best way to explore the flat coastal plateau and beaches from Grand Anse to Anse Fourmis.

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    La Digue island features one of the Seychelles' most beautiful beaches, Anse Source d'Argent where silver white sand and exotic palms make it look like something out of a photo shoot.

    Wednesday, July 13, 2011

    Brief History of ST Mont Michelle and Free Visit for half Day on merry crimmis 2012

    Brief History of Mont Saint-Michel and One day Visit 2012 on
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    Mont Saint-Michel is a rocky island in Normandy, France. It is also called the Lee Mont St-Michel. The Mont is famous for the medieval Benedictine Abbey and church. The Mont was used primarily during the sixth and the seventh century as a monopoly of the Romano and British culture.
    Brief History of Mont Saint-Michel
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    The Mont St. Michel during the 8th century was called Mont Tombe as it was the first basic construction. As per the legendary stories, the archangel Michael once came to St. Aubert, bishop of Avranches asked him to make a church on this rocky island. However, Aubert kept ignoring all his talk until Michael with his finger, burned a hole in the Bishops’ Skull. In 708, October, during the 16th century, the Mont was finally dedicated to St. Michel
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    The origin of the Mont Saint Michel dates back to sixth and seventh century, when Armorican Gauls used the island as a stronghold of Breton culture and power. During this time the island was known as “Monte Tombe”.

    After the Romans left Britannia - today’s United Kingdom - in mid 5th century, many Britons crossed the channel due to fear of the increasing Anglo-Saxon influence in their former home country. This emigration is the reason why this French region is called Bretagne, in English “Brittany”- “little Britain”. The Monte Tombe served as a stronghold until it was later sacked by the Franks, which ended the era of Celtic cultural links between Britannia and the region Bretagne.

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    Mont Saint Michel got its current name in 709, when the bishop of Avranches, St. Aubert, ordered a small church to be built on the site. The legend says that the Archangel Saint Michael, leader of the armies of heaven, appeared before the bishop and instructed him to build the church on this rocky isle.

    Today, a golden statue of Saint Michael can be seen at the top of the church spire, protecting and overlooking the entire island.

    A lot of calculated importance was given to the mount in 933 and the mount was placed on the new Frontier with Brittany. It is also been said that Michael had asked Aubert to build the Mont and call it Mont Tombe. It was a talented Italian architect, who designed the beautiful Roman church of the abbey during the 11th century, and was very daringly placed on the top of the Mount. It has also been said that a lot of underground crypts and chapel0s were made to balance the weight and it is because of their support that the top structure is seen today. The entire tour takes almost a good amount of time, hence an interval of 35 to 45 minutes is given after tour and in one day time, almost 2 to 3 tours take place. One of the best parts to look here is the movement of the shifting tides.
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    An Italian architect, William de Volpiano, was chosen as building contractor for the mount in the 11th century. He designed the Roman church of the abbey, daringly placing the transept crossing at the top of the mount. Many underground crypts and chapels had to be built to compensate for this weight. These formed the basis for the supportive upward structure that can be seen today. Today Mont Sa ...

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    Mont Saint Michel is one of the most remarkable examples of medieval architecture in the whole world. Together with its surroundings, Mont Saint Michel is simply breathtaking.
    Mont Saint Michel was the first French site to be added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites in 1979.
    It was listed with criteria such as “cultural”, “historical”, “of architectural significance”, as well as “human-created” and “natural beauty”. It’s a clear testament to how special and unique this place really is.

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    While the Mont Saint Michel itself is outstanding, it is not the only thing this area is known for. The other thing is its tidewater. Tidewater is caused by the gravity of the sun and the moon, together with the earth’s rotation. The tide varies the most shortly after a full moon. Mont Saint Michel happens to have some of the highest tides in all of Europe.

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    Mont Saint Michel is located on the border between lower Normandy and Brittany in northern France. The mountain is situated approximately one kilometer off the Normandy’s north coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River, near Avranches.
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