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Thursday, July 28, 2011

The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012

The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012
The pyramid of giza facts The Real Story of Pyramids and Lates Photos 2012
The pyramid of giza facts
The Egyptian pyramids are massive monuments with a square base and four triangular sides rising up to a point. There is still a lot of curiosity (and many theories) as to how the pyramids were actually constructed.

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There are three main Pyramids here, which were built in the 4th Dynasty (circa 2550 B.C). The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Kings (and Queens), and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. However, this tradition only applied in the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; the most famous ones are those at Giza.
The pyramid of giza facts

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is also called Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu and Pyramid of Cheops.

  • The Great Pyramid is situated in Giza Necropolis, which stands bordering Cairo city of Egypt.

  • The features of the Great Pyramid of Giza are so large they are visible even from the Moon.

  • The Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest one of the three pyramids in Giza Necropolis.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

  • The Great Pyramid remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for a period of over 3,800 years.

  • It is believed that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.

  • There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid - King's chamber, Queen's chamber and unfinished chamber.

  • It is said that, at the time of its construction, the Great Pyramid of Giza had a height of 280 Egyptian royal cubits i.e. 146.6 meters.
  • Owing to erosion and loss of its pyramidion, the height of the Great Pyramid has come down to 138.8 m.

  • The total mass of the Great Pyramid of Giza is estimated to be 5.9 million tons, while its volume is said to be roughly 2,500,000 cubic meters.

  • Hemon, or Hemiunu - the vizier of Khufu is believed, by some people, to be the architect of the Great Pyramid.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the one and only honorary member of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
  • The Great Pyramid is one of the most comprehensively studied buildings in the world.

  • Though the chemical composition of the mortar used to build the Great Pyramid of Giza is known, it could not be re-produced using the present techniques.

  • The temperature inside The Great Pyramid remains constant at 68 degrees F, the same as earth’s internal temperature.

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    In old Books, It is generally believed that the Egyptians began constructing them after 2700 B.C. and that they were built as tombs for the pharaohs. The most well-known (and the largest) pyramids of Egypt are the Pyramids at Giza which are said to be the largest ever built. It’s said that the Great Pyramid at Giza took 23 years to complete, using a work force of around 30,000 people. About 118 pyramids have been identified, and they are popular and intriguing to tourists and home researchers alike.

    The Great Pyramid of Khufu:
    Great Pyramid of KhufuThe Great Pyramid of Khufu is by far the most famous Pyramid in Egypt, the biggest, tallest, and most intact. After its construction it became one of the “Seven Wonders Of The World”, and today, it is the only one of them remaining. For a period of 4300 years, the Pyramid was also the tallest building on earth, until the French built the Eiffel Tower in 1889 to take that accolade.
    Khufu’s Pyramid is built entirely of limestone, and is considered an architectural masterpiece. It contains around 1,300,000 blocks ranging in weight from 2.5 tons to 15 tons and is built on a square base with sides measuring about 230m (755ft), covering 13 acres! Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees. The original height of the Pyramid was 146.5m (488ft), but today it is only 137m (455ft) high, the 9m (33ft) that is missing is due to the theft of the fine quality limestone covering, or casing stones, by the Ottoman Turks in the 15 Century A.D, to build houses and Mosques in Cairo.
    You will find that the entrance of the Pyramid is located at the northern side, the same as almost every Pyramid in Egypt. On this side there are actually 2 entrances, one is the original, and is 17m (55ft) above ground level, and the other one is a man-made forced entrance located below it. Created in the 9th Century A.D by Khalif El-Mamoun, who was seeking the treasures that he thought might have been kept inside the Pyramid. He sent out stonemasons to open up an entrance, and they cut it midway across the centre of the northern side. Their tunnel goes almost 35m into the Pyramid, and was crudely cut, and at the end it connects with the original inner corridors of the Pyramid. Nothing was found inside, as it was plundered in antiquity. Nowadays visitors, to the site, use Mamoun’s entrance to gain access into the Pyramid, as it is actually considered to be a shortcut.
    Khafre's son, Menkaure, built the smallest of the 3 main Pyramids on the Giza Plateau. This one was only a mere 65.5m (215ft) tall, nowadays 62m (203ft), with sides of only 105m (344ft) and an angle of 51.3 degrees. It is thought that this Pyramid was altered during its construction, and made a lot bigger than originally planned. The original, smaller Pyramid had a simple descending corridor and burial chamber, but when it was enlarged, a new corridor was built with 3 portcullises and a small panelled chamber. Later still, another burial chamber, along with a storeroom were added at a lower level. This Pyramid, like its 2 neighbours, has a north facing entrance.The Pyramid of Menkaure
    Apart from the size, Menkaure's Pyramid differed from the other 2 in the choice of casing stones. Whereas the Pyramids of his father and grandfather were completely cased in fine, white, Turah limestone, Menkaure's Pyramid was only partly cased in Turah limestone, from about 15m up! The first 15 metres was cased with pink granite, which had come from Aswan, the last of which was taken by Muhammad Ali Pasha (1805-1848) who used them to construct his arsenal in Alexandria.

    The Great Sphinx:

    The Great Sphinx, or as the ancients knew it, “Shesib Ankh” or “the living image”, has to be one of the most recognizable constructions in history. Think of the Sphinx and you The Great Sphinx automatically think of Egypt and the Giza Plateau.
    Sculpted from soft sandstone, many believe that it would have disappeared long ago had it not been buried in the sand for so many long periods in its lifetime. The body is 60m (200ft) long and 20m (65ft) tall. Its face is 4m (13ft) wide with eyes measuring 2m (6 ft) high. It faces the rising sun, and was revered so much by the ancients, that they built a temple in front of it.
    The 18th Dynasty King, Thutmose IV installed a stele between its front paws, describing how, when Thutmose was a young Prince, he had gone hunting and fell asleep in the shade of the Sphinx ‘s head. Thutmose had a dream where Ra Hor-Akhty the sun God, talking through the Sphinx, spoke to him, telling the young Prince to clear away the sand because the Sphinx was choking on it. The Sphinx said to him that if he did this, he would become King of Egypt.