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Saturday, August 6, 2011

The incas civilization Emperor Latest Photos 2012

The History of Inca Civilization Latest info 2012 Emperor
The Inca Civilization lasted for three hundred years from the 13th to the 16th century. Getting a true picture of Inca history is difficult because the Incas had no written language and passed their history down orally from one generation to the next. Below is the latest photos

The History of Inca Civilization Latest info 2012 Emperor
The History of Inca Civilization Latest info 2012 Emperor
It was one of the World's largest empires and the biggest one in the "Nuevo Mundo".
The Tahuantinsuyo, as the Incas called it was a flourishing empire in northwestern South America until the early 1500s, when the Spaniards have put an end to it.
Here we take a look at the Inca Empire's appearance, its most important moments and the cultures which inhabited it.
The Inca Rulers were considered demigods by their followers. The Inca population was deeply religious and had faith in their leaders, who were believed to have connection with the gods.
This article is taking you through the ruling dynasties and periods of the Inca Empire, presenting you the rulers of the Incas and also giving information about the structure of leadership and about the way Incas perceived their leaders.
When was Machu Picchu built?

The Incas started building Machu Picchu around 1430 AD, but the abandoned it a hundred years later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. You can find more information here:
 Why Was Machu Picchu Built?
Bingham’s ideas held sway for the best part of half a century. However, modern studies have largely discredited any notions of Machu Picchu as Vilcabamba, Tampu-tocco or a hot spot for holy Virgins. Today, historians tend to see Machu Picchu as one or more of the following:
  • An Inca fortress
  • An Inca religious centre
  • An Inca administrative centre
  • An Inca royal estate
This last concept is currently the most widely accepted theory. It is believed that the entire area surrounding Machu Picchu consisted of land privately held by the Inca emperor Pachacuti (Inca Yupanqui). Machu Picchu was built for Pachacuti as a royal retreat, a place where the emperor (and those he favoured) could relax, hunt and generally live life to the full. Machu Picchu was also blessed by a more hospitable climate than nearby Cusco, offering a pleasant escape from the capital during the cold winter season.
Pachacuti ruled as Sapa Inca from 1438 until 1472, placing the construction of Machu Picchu somewhere during this period (most likely during the latter half of his reign). That’s the theory, anyway. Have a look at “What Was Machu Picchu Used For?” for more information.

The Empire
in Pre-Columbian America

Inca civilization's exact origins are unknown.
However, by year 1500, Tawantinsuyu - Inca Empire - was the largest and richest in pre-Columbian America.
Even though short lived - just shy of one hundred years - by the time of their surrender, Incas (Inkas) controlled an estimated population of twelve million people spread over 2,500 miles (4,000 km.) along the western coast of America, on the Andean range.
In fact, between circa 1428 and 1525 the Inca civilization expanded through Peru, Ecuador, and as far as the Ancasmayo river in Colombia, to the North, and Maule river - in Chile - to the south, including Northeastern Argentina.

The Rise and Fall of the Inca Empire

For the first 200 years the Inca were a small group of people; however around 1438 the Emperor Pachacutec's aggressive military expansion turned the Inca civilization into the most powerful nation in South America. Pachacutec's rule is generally accepted to be the starting point of the Inca Empire that would reign for the next two generations.

After the death of Pachacutec's successor, the Inca Empire was split into two factions, each led by one of the Emperor's sons. The division eventually led to a civil war that wouldn't be resolved until 1532; the same year the Spanish conquistadors arrived. Unfortunately a lot of Inca art would be lost during the Spanish rule.

In their quest for gold and silver, the conquistadors would melt down countless examples of Inca metalwork. While some aspects of Inca civilization would remain after the Spanish conquest, most of it would pass into myth.